For many people one of the greatest difficulties in the didactic test or in presentations is the field of oratory.
And with so much competitiveness and increasingly demanding selective processes, it is necessary to distinguish professionals from detail.
Speaking well conveys security and credibility to everyone who interacts with you.
And speaking well is training!
This is because even an extroverted person, who at first seems to possess the gift of the word, can err in the use of communication.
That’s why we’ve put together some techniques for not going wrong.
It is important to remember that most of our audience are watching and evaluating us all the time.
So it is important that you know how to control your body so that it strengthens our words.
And especially so that it does not distract or bother our viewers.
Therefore, it is important to understand that:
- VOICE + SPEAKING + BODY COMMUNICATION = FORM
- KNOWLEDGE = CONTENT
- FORM + CONTENT (P) * = COMMUNICATOR !!!
The good communicator presents an effective form and a mature content when expressing itself in public.
If we think of form and content, the following situations may occur.
The person who speaks well but has weak content.
And so it can be well evaluated at the end of the presentation if the audience does not have a good intellectual level to judge that same content.
Or the person who knows a lot about a subject, having excellent content, but does not express himself well.
And so it can be branded as a boring communicator and not excite the audience with their ideas.
The factor (P) * – ‘Public’ – is essential in evaluating our performance as a communicator.
So we must speak by thinking and analyzing this important variable of communication.
So in order to become good communicators, we need to know the principles of oratory.
There are three principles that the good communicator must undergo if he wants his message to be clearly captured by the listener:
I – In oratory, the details make the difference;
II – From time to time, everything can. As long as it is not a gross mistake;
III – Everything that repeats bothers and distracts the listener.
Based on these principles we will then techniques!
Technique 1: Variation of voice and speech
It is worth emphasizing here the importance of varying the voice.
The ideal for a communicator is to have a loud, loud voice for public speaking.
Nevertheless, the volume of the voice must be adapted to the size of the room in which we are speaking.
Varying the voice, that is, speaking loud and low throughout the presentation, makes the transmission of the message less monotonous and more vibrant.
This variation of the voice gives the listener the sense of security of the communicator when approaching the subject.
It also adds credibility to our communication.
When we think of the didactic test, for example, we have a limited time to develop the lesson.
So, prefer to speak faster at a faster rate.
But attention, it is necessary that everyone can understand the words spoken.
In addition, there are times when you can take breaks in our speech.
There are silences that give the audience the opportunity to reflect on what we are talking about.
And that has value in our communication.
Produce your speech accurately.
That is, making precise movements of the lips and tongue when emitting the words.
This will mean a good diction and will facilitate to the interlocutor the capture of the information that is wanted to transmit.
Technique 2: Visual contact
Eye contact is very important because it holds the attention of the viewer.
Try to have the following attitudes toward this technique:
While you’re talking, spread your gaze over the audience;
Hold your gaze for two seconds in each region of the room;
Watch for the ends of the room;
Avoid looking quickly so that your eye is lost;
Look at the eye to the nearest listeners.
In the case of a presentation where the audience is further away, look at any point on the face.
So everyone around you will feel the same.
Do not stare into just one listener or region of the room.
Especially when you’re issuing a judgment.
Be prepared to ‘see everything’ and keep talking.
Technique 3: Gesturing
Another technique of oratory is gesticulation.
That is, to express oneself through representative gestures.
Gestures that combine with speech content. s
Therefore, be aware of the following aspects:
Start talking with your arms relaxed and slowly lift them up;
Support the hands in the center of the body, at the height of the belly;
Slightly support hands (avoid turning the ring, moving the watch, snapping or squeezing fingers, rubbing hands);
The ideal support is to hold one hand in the other and to vary this hug of the hands or simply to touch one another;
Be careful with the pen;
Let your hands be at the disposal of the gestures, free;
Do not put your hands in your pocket;
If you move, move both hands. This gives symmetry to gestures
Be careful with obscene gestures;
Keep in mind that most of our representative gestures are not planned.
Technique 4: Movement / Posture
The body speaks!
So be careful about your posture when speaking.
Keep the elegance and attention to the following guidelines:
Talk still and sometimes get out of the way while talking;
Moving too much annoys the listener;
The movements can be forward, backward, lateral and / or diagonal;
Avoid speaking from the back of the room;
Do not lean on a single leg, or balance / dance as you speak.